Essay / Speech On Allama Iqbal Biography for Kids In Urdu / English
Allama Mohammad Iqbal the great poet and scholar of Muslims were born on 9th November 1877 at Sialkot a city of Province Punjab. His grandfather lived in Kashmir who was Kashmiri Pundits then he embraced Islam and migrated to Sialkot. Father of Iqbal name was Sheikh Noor Mohammad who was a good tailor and his mother was a polite and humble woman whose name was Imam Bibi and she was always ready to help her neighbors and died on 9 November 1914. Iqbal loved his mother very much.
Sheikh Allama Mohammad Iqbal was four years old when he started his study from birth place Sialkot. Firstly he admitted to the mosque where he learned the Quran and Arabic language from his lovely teacher Syed Mir Hassan that was the head of madrassa and professor of Arabic language at Scotch Mission College in Sialkot. Iqbal completed his matriculation in same institute in 1893. After that he completed F.A degree from Murrey College Sialkot in 1895. He had interest in Philosophy and received degree B.A with English literature from Government College Lahore in 1897. Iqbal went to Germany and completed his Master degree in 1899 and selected as a junior professor of philosophy at Government College Lahore.
Allama Mohammad Iqbal started learn the knowledge of Arabic and Persian from Mr. Hassan that was a good teacher and completed his matriculation and F.A in 1893 and 1895 respectively. He had interested in Poetry and started the classes from Mein Mirza Arshad Gorani and Daagh Dehlvi also had teaches poetry. He has been translated into many European language when his work was famous and due to his work he recognized and quoted as “Poet of the East”by academics and institutions and media
Allama Iqbal joined the politics in 1930 and linked the Muslim League with the reference of Quaid-e-Azam. Iqbal was the person who gave the idea for seprate Muslim Nation state. He had remained active in the Muslim League. He did not support Indian involvement in World War I and remained in close touch with Muslim political leaders such as Mohammad Ali Jouhar and Mohammad Ali Jinnah. He won the province seat and selected as a member of provincial assembly. He said that “I would like to see the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province, Sindh and Balochistan amalgamated into a single State. Self-government within the British Empire, or without the British Empire, the formation of a consolidated North-West Indian Muslim State appears to me to be the final destiny of the Muslims, at least of North-West India”.
Allama Mohammad Iqbal started Law in 1934 and England Government gave him an address of ‘Sir’. He started poetry from private teacher who was great and pious man and his Poetry was gifted by God in him. He wrote many books for his students. Some books names are Israr-e-Khudi, Ramooz-e-Bekhudi, Payam-e-Mashriq, Bang-e-Dara and Baal-e-Jibreel. These books were very famous.
Ilm ul Iqtisad-1903
Poetic books in Persian
Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq-1936
Poetic books in Urdu
Books in English
The Development of Metaphysics in Persia-1908
The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam-1930
Last moments of Iqbal
After suffering for months from his illness, Iqbal died in Lahore on 21 April 1938. His tomb is located in Hazuri Bagh, the enclosed garden between the entrance of the Badshahi Mosque and the Lahore Fort, and official guards are maintained there by the Government of Pakistan. Government and public organizations have sponsored the establishment of colleges and schools dedicated to Iqbal, and have established the Iqbal Academy to research, teach and preserve the works, literature and philosophy of Iqbal.
Speech on Allama Iqbal In English Or Essay on Allama Iqbal For Students and Professionals: An eminent philosopher poet born was in 1877. He had acquired country wide fame and recognition as a thinker. He received his education from Government College Lahore and later on went to England to pursue studies in law. He got his PHD in philosophy from a German University. Allama Iqbal taught for a few years at the Government College Lahore. He had studied Islam deeply and had a profound liking for the Islamic principles. He compared the western culture with Islam and reached at the conclusion that Islam is best way of life. Basically Iqbal was a poet, teacher and thinker. However, he had to come in the political field in order to safeguard the interests of the Muslims of the sub continent. He wrote poems in praise of Muslim culture this would be really helpful for re awakening of the Muslims. Iqbal is not only the greatest poet of our age, but also one of the greatest poets of all time. There are not many poets who wrote so many great poems as he did. He did not write poetry for poetry’s sake. He was in fact much more than a mere poet. He was a great scholar and philosopher. He was a political leader of great importance. But more than anything he was a Muslim who had great love for GOD and his PROPHET (PBUH).He wrote poetry to express the great and everlasting truth of philosophy, history and Islam. He wrote many Books of poetry to awaken the Muslims of the whole world from the deep sleep and all of the Allama Iqbal Books are still like by the people. He asked the Muslims of the whole world to unite.
His entry into politics was greatly welcomed by the Muslims where a trustworthy companion of the Quaid-i-Azam was badly needed. Allama Iqbal proved a great political leader and a reliable companion of the Quaid-i-Azam. He awakened the Muslims of the subcontinent with his stirring verses to demand a separate homeland. He led the Muslims at every step. Iqbal considered Islam a complete of life.He said, I am fully convinced that the Muslims of India will ultimately have to establish a separate homeland as they cannot live with Hindus in the united India. He advice the Muslims to understand their real position and shed away their mental confusion and narrow approach to life. He clarified the glorious image of the Muslim ummah. Iqbal openly negated the concept of the one nation of India and emphasized on the separate and distinct national image of the Muslims. He considered the establishment of Pakistan very essential and vital for the restoration of nation and religious identity of the muslins. His poetry reflects his love for the nation and country. He produced a large number of poems which indicate his immense love for his homeland. He said Islam guides the mankind in every aspect of worldly life and therefore must be enforced in an Islamic state as a code of life. He based the foundation of homeland on the religion which later on became the ideology and basis of Pakistan.
He did not believe in any system separated from religion and declared that religion and politics are not separated from each other in Islam. Allama Iqbal firmly believed in the separate identity of the Muslim as a nation. He declared, “India is a continent of human being belonging to different languages and professing different religions. To bas a constitution on the conception of homogeneous India is to prepare her for civil war. I, therefore demand the formation of the consolidated Muslim state in the best interest of the Muslims of India and Islam. The formation of a consolidated north west Indian Muslim state appears to be the final density of the Muslims, at least of North West India. In December, 1930 DR Iqbal was invited to president over the annual meeting of All India Muslim League at Allahabad. The Allahabad address of Allama Iqbal carries great importance and significance in the freedom struggle of the Muslims of India. The presidential address at Allahabad in fact, molded the destinies of the Muslims of the subcontinent and put their Endeavour’s in right direction.
Allama Iqbal presidential address further clarified the two nation theory. He said I have been a staunch advocate of putting an end to religions prejudices and distinctions from the country. But now i believe that the protection of separate national identity is in the best interests of both Hindus and Muslims. The In his address he openly opposed the idea of welding together of Hindus and Muslims into one nation. The spirit which he infused in the Muslims by this address developed into an ideological basis for the Pakistan movement. He was on the delegation which represented the Muslims in the second and third round table conferences in 1931 and 1932. In these conferences he very ably advocated the Muslims cause and opposed all such schemes which in any way jeopardized the Muslims interests. He declared that the move to apply one constitution to both the Hindus and Muslims would result in a civil war. He wanted to see the Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan and the KPK, a single state for the Muslims, so that they should live according to the teaching of Islam. The Muslims soon realized the importance of the demand for two separate states. It was the first occasion when a demand for separate homeland was made from Muslim League platform. The Lahore Resolution passed in 1940 was in fact based on this historical address of Allama Iqbal.
Allama Iqbal was passed away in 21 April 1938. He buried beside the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore. The nation pays glorious tribute to him every year.