Aztecs And Incas Compare And Contrast Essay

Maya & Olmec

Similarities ;
~ Both lived in the lowlands of Mexico 
~ Deeply religious and built pyramids
~ Played games wth rubber balls
~ Practiced "slash + burn farming" 
~ Gradually Disappeared
~ They both wrote in Hieroglyphics 

Differences ;

~ Olmec did not build large cities like the Maya
~ The Maya lasted much longer than the Olmecs
~ The Maya practiced human sacrifices

Maya & Inca

Similarties ; 

~ Both were among the first Mesoamerican civilizations
~ Deeply religious
~ Built huge cerimonial temples where they performed human sacrifices

Differences ;

~ Incas lived in the mountians
~ The Incas practiced terrace farming and used irrigation
~ Maya gradually disappeared
~ Incas were wept out by Spanish Settlers
~ Incas were ruled by an established government ; Mayas were ruled by kings and priests

Maya & Aztec

Similarities ; 

~ Both built great cities
~ Studied astronomy and develpoed calenders
~ Located in present day Mexico 
~ Worshipped many gods

Differences ; 

~ Aztec fell to Spanish invaders ; Maya disappeared back into the jungle
~ Maya used "slash + burn" farming ; the Aztecs estalished irrigation systems & built terrace form structures
~ Maya lived much earlier than the Aztecs ; Also the Maya civilization lasted longer

Aztec & Inca

Simlarities ; 

~ Both civilizations ended in the 1500's when the Spanish took over
~ Both used terrace farming and irrigation
~ Deeply religious and worshipped may gods

Differences ; 

~ Inca had no writing system ; the Aztecs used Hieroglyphics
~ Incas lived in the mountians of Peru and used llamas to help with farming
~ Incas built hundreds of miles of roads
~ Aztecs were more focused around the city of Tenochtitlan

Aztec & Olmec

Similarities ; 

~ Both lasted around 1000 years
~ Both used Heiroglyphics
~ Studied astronomy
~ Both built giant structures and sculptures from stone

Differences ; 

~ Olmec culture lived in BC ; Aztecs lived in AD
~ Olmec gradually disappeared ; Aztec were taken over by Spanish
~ They used different types of farming

Incas & Olmec

Similarities ; 

~ Both cultures were deeply religious
~ Both built temples and pyramids to worship and remember their gods
~ Mummified and burried kings

Differences ; 

~ Olmec had been gone for hundreds of years by the time that the Inca came around
~ Inca had no writing system
~ Olmecs were the first ones to use Hieroglyphics
~ Incas lived in highlands ; Olmec lived in lowlands
~ Olmec dissapeard part by part ; the Inca were conquered by conquistodors






Both civilizations were, it would seem, rigidly hierarchical, and religion played an important role in both. An interesting topic might be to compare and contrast exactly how and why the two civilizations responded as they did to the threats they faced.

Researching the general topic of the Aztecs and Mayans should be relatively easy, because both civilizations are well known and were highly important. One factor to keep in mind is that all civilizations evolve...

Both civilizations were, it would seem, rigidly hierarchical, and religion played an important role in both. An interesting topic might be to compare and contrast exactly how and why the two civilizations responded as they did to the threats they faced.

Researching the general topic of the Aztecs and Mayans should be relatively easy, because both civilizations are well known and were highly important. One factor to keep in mind is that all civilizations evolve over time, so you want to make sure that you are comparing and contrasting the two cultures at comparable periods of their development.

It's easy to forget that eNotes itself has plenty of good material available on practically any topic.  I thought I would do a little digging for you and list the links that looked most helpful. Always be sure to look for the bibliographical information cited in any source.

http://www.enotes.com/documents/aztecs-mayas-15739

http://www.enotes.com/salem-history/aztec

http://www.enotes.com/salem-history/mayan-empire

http://www.enotes.com/salem-history/codices

http://www.enotes.com/salem-history/cortes-conquers-aztecs-mexico

http://www.enotes.com/documents/mayans-aztecs-incas-thematic-unit-29701

http://www.enotes.com/documents/mayans-aztecs-enhanced-ebook-37443

http://www.enotes.com/salem-history/time-line-north-american-history-prehistory-1995

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